Citation Styles

Below are examples of three of the most widely used citation styles:

MLA Citation Style

“In-text” Citation MLA

George and Harold were stunned to see “a pudgy old guy in his underwear with a red cape flowing behind him” (Pilkey 61).

  • Pilkey is the surname of the author
  • 61 is the page on which the quotation can be found

Examples of types of works cited in MLA

  • Book:

    Author, Ann. Title of Book. Publisher, publication year.

  • Web Page:

    Author, Ann. “Title of web page.” Website, Publication date, url, date of access.

  • Article in a journal:

    Author, Ann. “Title of article.” Journal, vol. number, issue number, year of publication, page numbers, url, date of access.

  • Electronic image:

    Creator, CarlTitle or description of the image.” Website, date of creation, www.webpage_where_you_retrieved_the_image. Date of access.

“Works Cited” list in MLA

Works Cited

Bland, Bill. The Most Boring Thoughts in the World. Boring Publications, 1998.

Dull, Dudley. “The history of boredom.” Journal of the Boring Society, 2015, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 5-7.

Tedious, Tiberius. “A boring journey into the dullest events ever.” Tedium Medium, 2012, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 224-226, www.tedium_medium.com/boring_journey. Accessed 17 November 2017.

“The least interesting people ever.” Average Joes, 1 January 2015, www.average_joes.co.uk/lots?of%random=letters-and!symbols. Accessed 2 February 2014.

“Walter’s Paperclip Collection.” Paperclip Statistics, www.paperclip_statistics.co.uk. Accessed 14 February 2017.

“Wearisome words.” Encyclopaedia Britannica, 5 May 2013, school.eb.co.uk/wearisome_words/the&rest*of$the+url=of%the$article. Accessed 14 July 2017.

APA Citation Style

“In-text” Citation APA

George and Harold were stunned to see “a pudgy old guy in his underwear with a red cape flowing behind him” (Pilkey, 1997, p. 61).

  • Pilkey is the surname of the author
  • 1997 is the publication date
  • 61 is the page on which the quotation can be found

Examples of types of works cited in APA

  • Book:

    Author, A. (publication year). Title of Book. Location: Publisher.

  • Web Page:

    Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of web page. Website. Retrieved from http://url_of_the_web_page

  • Article in a journal:

    Author, A. (Date of publication). Title of article. Title of Journal, volume number(issue number), page numbers. Retrieved from http://url_of_the_article

  • Electronic image:

    Creator, C. (Date of publication). Title or description of the image. Website. Retrieved from http://www.url_of_webpage_where_you_retrieved_the_image

“References” list in APA

References

Bland, B. (1998). The Most Boring Thoughts in the World. Noplace, NY: Boring Publications.

Dull, D. (2015). The history of boredom. Journal of the Boring Society, 4(7), 5-7.

Tedious, T. (2012). A boring journey into the dullest events ever. Tedium Medium, 5(2), 224-226. Retrieved from http://www.tedium_medium.com/boring_journey

“The least interesting people ever” (2015). Average Joes. Retrieved from http://www.average_joes.co.uk/lots?of%random=letters-and!symbols

“Walter’s Paperclip Collection.” Paperclip Statistics. Retrieved from http://www.paperclip_statistics.co.uk

“Wearisome words” (2013). Encyclopaedia Britannica. Retrieved from http://www.school.eb.co.uk/wearisome_words/the&rest*of$the+url=of%the$article

Harvard Business School Citation Style

“In-text” Citation Harvard

Harvard citation style uses numbered footnotes for in-text citations. The number of the note corresponds to citation information at the foot of the paper.

George and Harold were stunned to see “a pudgy old guy in his underwear with a red cape flowing behind him.”1

1 Dav Pilkey, The Adventures of Captain Underpants (New York, NY: Scholastic, 1997), p, 61.

  • Pilkey is the surname of the author
  • The title of the book is in italics
  • Publication place, company, and date are in parentheses
  • 61 is the page on which the quotation can be found

Examples of types of works cited in Harvard

  • Book:

    Name O. Author, Title of Book (Location: Publisher, publication year).

  • Web Page:

    Company or Name O. Author, “Title of web page,” Website, http://url_of_web_page, accessed date.

  • Article in a journal:

    Name O. Author. “Title of article.” Journal, vol. number, issue number, year of publication, page numbers, url, date of access.

  • Electronic image: 

    Source: Name O. AuthorTitle or description of the image,http://www.webpage_where_you_retrieved_the_image, Date of access.

    (“Source lines” should appear under charts, figures, tables, and other graphics)

“Bibliography” in Harvard

Harvard citation style does not require a Reference list or a works Cited list. If your teacher requests a list of your sources, create a Bibliography.

Bibliography

Bland, Bill. The Most Boring Thoughts in the World. Nowhere, NY: Boring Publications, 1998.

Dull, Dudley. “The history of boredom.” Journal of the Boring Society 4 (2012): 5-7.

Encyclopaedia Britannica. “Wearisome words.” http://www.school.eb.co.uk/wearisome_words/the&rest*of$the+url=of%the$article, accessed July 2017.

Tedious, Tiberius. “A boring journey into the dullest events ever.” Tedium Medium, May 21, 2012, http://www.tedium_medium.com/boring_journey, accessed November 2017.

“The least interesting people ever.” Average Joes, January 1, 2015, http://www.average_joes.co.uk/lots?of%random=letters-and!symbols, accessed February 2014.

More Help with Citation Styles

purdue owl

Purdue Online Writing Lab (OWL): Writing help for students in Years 7-13. Covers all aspects of the creative and academic writing process.

mla citations

MLA Citation Style: MLA online guide to formatting and citations.

apa citations

APA Citation Style: Examples and FAQs for APA formatting and citations.

harvard citations

Harvard Citation Guide: Harvard Business School’s official citation guide for academic year 2017-2018.